Alcatraz, the former military fort and notorious maximum-security federal prison that housed the likes of Al Capone and Machine Gun Kelly, and the site of the Indian “Red River Movement” and Occupation from 1969-1971, offers visitors an up and close glimpse of life on Alcatraz Island. In addition to the historical importance of Alcatraz, visitors can view the gardens, bay views, and birds nesting.
Alcatraz Island is a 25-acre island located 1 ¼ mile from San Francisco. The Island was designated in1933 by the Federal Bureau of Prisons to be a maximum security prison, called Alcatraz. Alcatraz was an infamous prison that housed notorious and dangerous criminals such as Al Capone, George “Machine Gun” Kelly, and Robert Franklin Stroud, better know as the “Birdman of Alcatraz.”
Alcatraz Highlights: Key Sites
The Alcatraz lighthouse was the first west coast lighthouse. A single oil lamp lit the narrow entrance to the bay. Until the invention of electricity, the lighthouse was manually lit. The lighthouse was replaced in 1909 when the construction of the cell house blocked the view. The new 84foot lighthouse tower is what you see today.
Gardens of Alcatraz
The sandstone rock of Alcatraz Island was changed by Military and Prison personnel into a garden of beauty. When the prison closed in 1964, the gardens became overgrown. Today, with the help of volunteers, the gardens of Alcatraz have come back to life.
Island Walks and Bird Viewing.
The best views can be seen following the Agave Trail (open during the months of October thru February) The view of rocky cliffs, western gull nests, exotic flowers and trees can be seen on your walk around Alcatraz.
Exhibits, Theater, and Bookstore
The Barracks Building above the Alcatraz Dock, exhibits and video presentation, and books about Alcatraz are available. The bookstore is at dock level and museum in former kitchen of the cell house.
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